Economic Calendar

List of important economic releases

Time Impact
Currency
Event
Previous
Forecast
Actual
Mar 01, 2024

00:00

NZD
RBNZ Gov Orr Speech
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
In New Zealand, interest rates decisions are taken by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand. The official interest rate is the Official Cash Rate (OCR). The OCR was introduced in March 1999 and is reviewed eight times a year by the Bank. The OCR influences the price of borrowing money in New Zealand and provides the Reserve Bank with a means of influencing the level of economic activity and inflation.

00:30

AUD
GDP Deflator QoQ
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
In Australia, implicit price deflator (IPD) is obtained by dividing a current price value by its real counterpart (the chain volume measure). When calculated from the major national accounting aggregates, such as gross domestic product, IPDs relate to a broader range of goods and services in the economy than that represented by any of the individual price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Movements in an implicit price deflator reflect both changes in price and changes in the composition of the aggregate for which the deflator is calculated.

00:30

JPY
Jibun Bank Manufacturing PMI Final
{previous} 48
{forecast}
{actual} 47.2
The au Jibun Bank Japan Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

01:10

USD
Fed Williams Speech
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
In the United States, the authority to set interest rates is divided between the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve (Board) and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). The Board decides on changes in discount rates after recommendations submitted by one or more of the regional Federal Reserve Banks. The FOMC decides on open market operations, including the desired levels of central bank money or the desired federal funds market rate.

01:30

CNY
NBS General PMI
{previous} 50.9
{forecast}
{actual} 50.9
In China, the NBS Comprehensive Purchasing Manager Index measures the performance of the manufacturing and non-manufacturing sectors. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the overall economic trend compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

01:30

CNY
NBS Non Manufacturing PMI
{previous} 50.7
{forecast} 50.8
{actual} 51.4
In China, the Non-Manufacturing purchasing managers index survey is based on data collected from a representative panel of 1200 enterprises from the non-manufacturing sector. The survey includes ten questions on business activity, new orders, new export orders, in hand orders index, stock, intermediate input price, subscription price, employment, supplier delivery time, and business activities expectation. For each question, the diffusion index is calculated. As there’s no integrated PMI, the business activity index is usually used to reflect the overall changes in non-manufacturing sector. A PMI reading above 50 percent indicates expansion from the previous month, while below 50 indicates contraction.

01:30

CNY
NBS Manufacturing PMI
{previous} 49.2
{forecast} 49.1
{actual} 49.1
In China, the NBS Manufacturing Purchasing Manager Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of more large-scale, state-owned companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change. .

01:45

CNY
Caixin Manufacturing PMI
{previous} 50.8
{forecast} 50.6
{actual} 50.9
In China, the Caixin Manufacturing PMI Purchasing Managers' Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of private 430 industrial companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

05:00

JPY
Consumer Confidence
{previous} 38
{forecast}
{actual} 39.1
In Japan, the Monthly Consumer Confidence survey data is collected by direct visit and covers about 4,700 households consisting of more than two persons. The questionnaire covers four subjects: consumer perceptions of overall livelihood, income growth, employment and willingness to buy durable goods. For each subject an index based on the respondents’ evaluation of what they consider the prospects to be over the next six months is created. The Consumer Confidence Index is the simple average of the four consumer perception indexes. A score above 50 indicates optimism, below 50 shows lack of confidence and 50 indicates neutrality.

05:30

AUD
Commodity Prices YoY
{previous} -10.4%
{forecast}
{actual} -11%
Commodity Prices YoY measures the yearly change in the selling price of exported commodities. Commodity exports have on average accounted for more than half of Australia's export income. Because changes in export prices explain approximately three-quarters of the fluctuations in the growth of export values since 1990, developments in export prices can have a significant impact on export earnings and economic activity in Australia. The most important commodities in the RBA Index of Commodity Prices are iron ore (27.1 percent of the total weight), metallurgical coal (16 percent), LNG (15.8 percent), thermal coal (9.5 percent), gold (7.5 percent) and alumina (4.1 percent).

06:00

RUB
S&P Global Manufacturing PMI
{previous} 52.4
{forecast}
{actual} 54.7
The S&P Global Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 300 manufacturing companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

07:00

TRY
Istanbul Chamber of Industry Manufacturing PMI
{previous} 49.2
{forecast}
{actual} 50.2
The Istanbul Chamber of Industry Turkey PMI Manufacturing Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 400 manufacturing companies. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

07:00

GBP
Nationwide Housing Prices YoY
{previous} -0.2%
{forecast} 0.7%
{actual} 1.2%

07:00

GBP
Nationwide Housing Prices MoM
{previous} 0.7%
{forecast} 0.3%
{actual} 0.7%

07:30

CHF
Retail Sales YoY
{previous} -0.1%
{forecast}
{actual} 0.3%
In Switzerland, the year-over-year change in Retail sales compares the aggregated sales of retail goods and services during a certain month to the same month a year ago.

07:30

CHF
Retail Sales MoM
{previous} -0.3%
{forecast}
{actual} 0.7%
In Switzerland, the Retail sales report provides an aggregated measure of sales of retail goods and services over a specific time period. In Switzerland, Retail sales are seasonal, volatile and relatively important to the overall economy.

08:30

CHF
procure.ch Manufacturing PMI
{previous} 43.1
{forecast} 44.4
{actual}
In Switzerland, the procure.ch Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey to executives on their procurement expectations for the following month. The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New Orders (30 percent), Output (25 percent), Employment (20 percent), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15 percent) and Stock of Items Purchased (10 percent), with the Delivery Times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

08:50

EUR
HCOB Manufacturing PMI Final
{previous} 43.1
{forecast} 46.8
{actual}
The HCOB France Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:50

EUR
S&P Global Manufacturing PMI Final
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
The HCOB France Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

08:55

EUR
S&P Global Manufacturing PMI Final
{previous}
{forecast}
{actual}
The HCOB Germany Manufacturing PMI is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 420 manufacturers. The headline figure is the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), which is a weighted average of the following five indices: New Orders (30%), Output (25%), Employment (20%), Suppliers’ Delivery Times (15%) and Stocks of Purchases (10%). For the PMI calculation the Suppliers’ Delivery Times Index is inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction to the other indices. The index varies between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.

Frequently asked questions

  • What is the economic calendar?

    Economic calendar, also known as Forex economic calendar or FX Calendar, is a tool that allows traders to make the fundamental analysis of financial markets based on economic news. That is – you will be able to see macroeconomic events that move the market and make Forex trading decisions based on the data.

  • What data is included in the economic calendar?

    The economic calendar includes information about major economic events, as well as political news and the impact they have on the Forex market. All these financial events are used as economic indicators.

    The economic events calendar also shows the time and date of when the indicator data was released, the currency that they are expected to affect, and each indicator's impact level. Most indicators have numerical values, which may be expressed as a percentage or as a currency value. They reflect the impact the particular indicator had or is going to have, either positive or negative.

    Our forex economic calendar has three columns to show the value of economic indicators: Previous, Forecast, and Actual:

    • Previous shows the value the indicator had in the previous period (usually, one month or one year);
    • Forecast shows the estimated value of the indicator based on a survey of 20-240 economists;
    • Actual is the value published by an official source like a national statistics agency or an analytical center.

    We also provide additional information about the specific indicators and the graphs showing changes in value by month or year – click the indicator you're interested in to learn more.

  • How to read the economic calendar?

    Sometimes the number of current economic events can be overwhelming. So, first of all, make sure to use filters to see the most relevant indicators for your Forex trading. For example, you can choose currencies that you are planning on trading or the indicator impact.

    At the top of our Forex trading calendar, choose the most convenient time zone.

    Use numeric values of the indicators to navigate market changes. This is why forecasts and actual release figures are essential. Compare the numbers: if the Actual value is bigger than the forecast, this is good for the currency and it is likely to go up in price; if the Actual value is lower than the Forecast, it is likely to drop.

    You can apply similar logic to the Previous and Forecast values before the actual data is released, but be careful – forecasts are always preliminary and actual figures might be drastically different.

  • What economic indicators are there?

    Economic indicators are major economic events that are used to interpret investment opportunities in Forex trading. They usually are macroeconomic events that affect currencies and stock prices.

    The indicators can be leading (predict upcoming changes), coincident (show the current economic state of the particular area) and lagging (confirm patterns and trends).

    Top economic indicators:

    • The US Treasury Yield Curve – shows the ratio between short-term Treasury bills and long-term Treasury bonds. This indicator successfully predicted eight major recessions of the past years.
    • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – one of the most critical metrics of the economy's health. It is a lagging indicator, so it shows what has already happened, but can be a great marker of an upcoming recession.
    • Unemployment Rate – this is a percentage of people seeking jobs and will indicate how healthy the labor force and, thus, the economy really is.
    • Interest Rates – another lagging indicator that shows economic growth. It can affect GDP and inflation, so be aware of this one.

    These are some of the few important indicators. Make sure to follow our daily trading plans from FBS analysts to learn more about the current trading news events and how they will affect your Forex trading.

  • How to trade the news?

    The financial events are typically scheduled ahead of time. There are usually predictions ahead of the release (Forecast column in our Forex news calendar) of how it will affect the market. Some traders choose to open positions depending on their expectations of economic indicator reports: if they expect a particular indicator to move the currency up, they buy it and vice versa. Other traders dislike rapid price movements that may happen when indicators are released, so they steer clear of using the FX calendar and trading the news.

    There are many news trading strategies: you have to use the one you find best suited for your trading style. FBS, apart from providing all the necessary services for trading, also have all the vital information for any trader's needs. Check out our news section to be aware of possible market movements.

    Even if you are not one to trade the news, you should still check the trading economic calendar or read about current economic events regularly because they are likely to affect market volatility.

  • Is the economic calendar updated in real-time?

    Our major economic events calendar is updated automatically as the reports come out. FBS is there to offer timely updates to the economic calendar, but we cannot be held accountable for any delays due to the immoderate flow of trading news events.

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